The Transatlantic MPA Network Project Coordinator, Ms. Maria Purificació Canals Ventín, participated at the Seventh session of the Intergovernmental Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES-7), held at UNESCO headquarters in Paris, France, from 29 April until 2 May 2019. During the event Ms. Canals Ventín followed the negotiations of the working group on the Summary for policy makers of the Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Another working group discussed the Platform’s future work programme.
The Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services is the first comprehensive intergovernmental biodiversity assessment since the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment in 2005. It provides evidence for informed action by governments, private sector, and civil society. The report gives an overview of biodiversity and ecosystem trends and examines them in relation to key goals of the international environmental agenda, including the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, and the Paris Agreement on climate change. It is expected the Assessment to be an important input to the development of the post-2020 biodiversity framework.
The section about the current status and trends in nature, nature’s contributions to people, and drivers of change, highlights that the rate of global change in nature during the past 50 years is unprecedented in human history. It underscores five direct drivers that are valid for both, terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and have the largest global impact, which, in order of descending importance, are:
- changes in land and sea use;
- direct exploitation of organisms;
- climate change;
- pollution; and
- invasion of alien species.